In India, we celebrate Constitution Day on 26th November every year. The Constitution is perhaps the single most important document which is also the Supreme Law of India. The document lays down the Legal and Political framework of India as well as clearly enumerates rights guaranteed to every citizen of India as well as duties of every citizen of India. Indian Constitution is the longest written constitution of any country on earth.
Here are some lesser-known facts about the Constitution of India:
- India boasts of the world’s longest written Constitution among all sovereign countries in the world. It consists of 448 articles and is divided into 25 parts.
- The original copies of the Indian Constitution were written in Hindi and English.
- Artists from Shantiniketan decorated every page of the Indian Constitution.
- The original Constitution of India was handwritten by Prem Behari Narain Raizada in an italic style.
- Before its completion on 26th November 1949, the Constitution underwent more than 2,000 amendments.
- The Constitution of India has borrowed some of its features from 10 other countries, including Britain, Ireland, Japan, USA, South Africa, Germany, Australia, and Canada. This is why Indian Constitution is often known as the “Bag of Borrowings”.
- The Constituent Assembly of India was established in 1946. It met for 166 days spread over 2 years, 11 months and 18 days.
- Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India, was elected as the President of the Constituent Assembly and Dr. B. R. Ambedkar was the head of the drafting committee.
- Dr. B.R. Ambedkar is widely regarded as the Father of Indian Constitution.
- Indian Constitution is a hand-written document. It is one of the longest hand-written documents in the world. There are a total of 1,17,369 words in the English version of the Constitution of India.
- The original hand-written copies of the Constitution are preserved in helium-filled cases in the Library of Parliament House.
- Basic Structure of the Constitution Stands on the Government of India Act, 1935.
- The Preambles of the Constitution of India and the United States of America have the same beginning. Both the Preambles begin with “We the People”.