Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ’s) on Indian Evidence Act, 1872

1. Law of evidence is:

a. Lex loci
b. Lex situs
c. Lex Fori
d. Lex Tallienis

2. The Indian Evidence Act 1872, is not applicable to:

a. Affidavits presented in court.
b. Proceedings before an Arbitrator
c. Judicial Proceedings before a Court
d. Both (a) and (b)

3. Proceedings relating to proof and admissibility of electronic documents have been incorporated in the Evidence Act by the:

a. Evidence (Amendment) Act, 1989
b. CrPC (Amendment) Act, 1973
c. Information Technology Act, 2000
d. Right to Information Act, 2005

4. The Indian Evidence Act, 1872 has:

a. Prospective effect.
b. Retrospective effect
c. Is a substantive law
d. Affects fundamental rights of a person.

5. Fact is issue means the fact, existence of which is:

a. Admitted by the parties
b. Disputed by the parties
c. Agreed to by the parties
d. None of the above.

6. Evidence means and includes:

a. Only oral evidence
b. Only documentary evidence
c. Both oral evidence and documentary evidence
d. Only such oral evidence that is based on documents.

7. Judge’s personal knowledge or observation cannot be treated as evidence. This statement is:
a. Correct
b. Incorrect
c. Partly correct and partly incorrect.
d. None of these.

8. Indian Evidence Act, 1872 was drafted by:

a. Lord Thomas Macaulay
b. J.M. Macleod
c. Sir James Stephen
d. None of the above

9. Under Indian Evidence Act, 1872, which of the following is not a “Document”?

a. A map
b. A writing
c. A photograph
d. A telephonic conversation

10. The plea of alibi is established by:

a. Prosecution
b. Accused
c. Either by Prosecution or by accused
d. None of the above.

11. In a matter before the court, which of the following is NOT an evidence in the case:

a. Confession of a co-accused
b. Entries in book of accounts regularly kept in the course of business.
c. Statement of the accused made u/s 313 of CrPC
d. Expert Testimony.

12. Section 7 of Evidence Act does not include which of the following:

a. Occasion
b. Cause
c. Purpose
d. Effect

13. Section 8 of Indian Evidence Act deals with?

a. Conduct
b. Motive
c. Preparation
d. All of the above

14. Identification parade may be conducted by:

a. Magistrate
b. Any citizen
c. Police Officer
d. All of the above

15. Admission is a statement which can be:

a. Oral, written and spoken
b. Oral and documentary
c. Oral, documentary or contained in electronic form
d. None of the above.

16. S. 27 of Indian Evidence Act is based on:

a. Doctrine of Proportionality
b. Doctrine of Agency
c. Doctrine of Eclipse
d. Doctrine of confirmation by subsequent events.

17. A dying declaration is admissible:

a. Only in civil proceedings
b. Only in criminal proceedings
c. Neither in criminal proceedings nor in civil proceedings.
d. In civil as well as criminal proceedings both.

18. To be admissible, dying declaration must be:

a. Must be made before Magistrate
b. Must be made before police officer.
c. Must be made before a doctor or a private person.
d. May be made either before a magistrate or a police officer or a doctor or a private person.

19. To be admissible, dying declaration must be:

a. Relating to the cause of death.
b. The person making the statement must be competent.
c. The person making the statement must make such statement under the expectation of death.
d. The statement must be complete.

20. Facts judicially noticeable:

a. Need to be proved.
b. May be proved.
c. Need not be proved
d. None of the above.

21. S. 58 of Indian Evidence Act deals with:

a. Formal admissions.
b. Evidentiary admissions
c. Formal as well as evidentiary admissions
d. Proof of facts by oral evidence.

22. S. 115 of the Indian Evidence Act deals with:

a. Presumption as to the commission of a crime
b. Presumption as to dowry death.
c. Doctrine of Estoppel.
d. Presumption as to Abetment of Suicide by a married woman.

23. Presumption regarding dowry death is contained in which provision of Indian Evidence Act:

a. U/s 113 (a)
b. U/s 113 (b)
c. U/s 114(a)
d. U/s 114 (b)

24. Presumption regarding abetment of suicide by a married woman is provided in:

a. U/s 113 (a)
b. U/s 113 (b)
c. U/s 114(a)
d. U/s 114 (b)

25. Burden of proof is lightened by:

a. Presumptions
b. Admissions
c. Estoppels
d. All of the above.

Answer Key

1. Lex Fori
2. Proceedings before an Arbitrator
3. Information Technology Act, 2000
4. Retrospective effect.
5. Disputed by the parties.
6. Both oral evidence and documentary evidence
7. Correct
8. Sir James Stephen
9. A telephonic conversation.
10. Accused
11. Statement of the accused made u/s 313 of CrPC
12. Purpose
13. All of the above
14. All of the above
15. Oral, documentary or contained in electronic form
16. Doctrine of confirmation by subsequent events.
17. In civil as well as criminal proceedings both.
18. May be made either before a magistrate or a police officer or a doctor or a private person.
19. The person making the statement must make such statement under the expectation of death.
20. Need not be proved
21. Formal as well as evidentiary admissions
22. Doctrine of Estoppel.
23. U/s 113 (b)
24. U/s 113 (a)
25. All of the above.

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