Principles of Interpretation:

1) Where in an enactment, there are two provisions which cannot be reconciled with each other; they should be so interpreted that, if possible effect may be given to both. This is known as the_____________

a. Rule of harmonious construction
b. Rule of ejusdem generis
c. Rule of reasonable construction
d. None of the above

2) According to _ rule of interpretation meaning of word should be known from its accompanying or associated words?

a. Golden Rule
b. Noscitur a Sociis
c. Primary Rule
d. Mischief Rule

3) _____ means that contemporaneous exposition is the best and strongest in law:

a. Noscitur a Sociss
b. Ejusdem Generis
c. Contemporanea Expositio Est Optima Et Fortissima In Lege
d. None of the above.

4) Which of the following are acceptable External aids/materials that can be used in interpreting legislation?

a. Dictionaries
b. Notes on clauses/bills
c. Parliamentary committee reports
d. All of the above.

5) Generally, ____ are given strict interpretations:

a. Welfare Laws
b. Criminal Laws
c. Labour Laws
d. None of the above

6) If there is a discrepancy between the schedule and a specific provision within the enactment, the _____ shall prevail:

a. Provisions
b. Schedule
c. Both will be applicable as per the situation
d. None of the above.

7) Mischief rule is:

a. In interpretating statutes, judges should interpret the words literally
b. There must be no mischief in courts.
c. In interpreting statutes, judges should look at the ‘mischief’ which the act was passed to prevent.
d. In interpreting statutes, judges should interpret the words as they see fit.

8) Which of these is a disadvantage of Delegated Legislation:

a. It can be flexible
b. It can be made by reference to specific knowledge.
c. It is quick to produce.
d. It raises issues of accountability.

9) What is Delegated Legislation?

a. An act of the Parliament.
b. Law made by a person or body to whom the Parliament has delegated power.
c. Law made by a delegation.
d. A decision of the courts.

10) What is the rule in Pepper v Hart?

a. Judges cannot refer to any external aid when interpreting Statutes.
b. Judges can refer to Hansard when interpreting Statutes.
c. Judges can refer to other judges when interpreting Statutes.
d. Judges can refer to Newspapers when interpreting Statutes.

11) What is meant by Purposive Approach?

a. The Judge must interpret the Statute in the light of purpose of its enactment.
b. The Judge must interpret the Statute on Purpose.
c. The Judge must interpret the Statute in the purpose of deciding the case before him or her.
d. The Judge must interpret the Statute with a purposeful manner.

12) What is the Doctrine of Stare Decisis?

a. The doctrine of Statutory Interpretation.
b. The doctrine of Royal Pardon.
c. The doctrine of Parliamentary Sovereignty.
d. The doctrine of Precedent.

13) Internal aid in Interpretation of Statutes include:

a. Preamble
b. Title
c. Marginal Notes
d. All of the above.

14) A Statute has been defined as the:

a. Will of the Legislature
b. Will of the King
c. Will of the Society
d. Will of the Magistrate.

15) Which of the following is an internal aid in the Interpretation of Statute?

a. Interpretation Clause
b. Marginal Notes
c. Long Title
d. All of the above.

16) While Interpretation, a Statute should not be given a meaning that make other provisions:

a. Dormant
b. In-effective
c. Redundant
d. None of the above.

17) According to which rule of interpretation, old statutes should be interpreted as they would have been at the date they were passed.

a. Expression Unis est exclusion alterius
b. Contemporanea Expositio Est Optima Et Fortissima In Lege
c. Noscitur a Sociis
d. Ut res magis valet Quam Pareat

18) Rule of Ejusdem Generis is applicable when?

a. General words follow specific word
b. Specific word follows general words
c. Either (a) or (b)
d. Both (a) or (b)

19) Heydon’s case deals with the?

a. Golden Rule
b. Noscitur a Sociis
c. Mischief Rule
d. Rule of reasonable construction.

20) _____ contains the main object of the act.

a. Long Title
b. Short Title
c. Preamble
d. None of the above.

21) In Interpretation of Statutes, ______ plays an important role:

a. Heading
b. Schedule
c. Preamble
d. All of the above

22) Case law is:

a. Law passed by parliament.
b. Law representing the decision of the courts.
c. Delegated legislation
d. Case law is not really a law at all.

23) What is legislation?

a. Law made by Parliament.
b. Law made by Law commission
c. Law made by Custom
d. Law made by Judges.

24) Which rule of Interpretation means express mention of one thing is the exclusion of other?

a. Ejusdem Generis
b. Rule of Harmonious Construction.
c. Expression Unis est exclusion alterius
d. Primary rule.

25) Which of the following is an internal aid to the interpretation of Statutes:

a. Reference to reports of committee.
b. Statement of objects and reasons.
c. Preamble
d. Dictionaries

Answer Key:

1) Rule of Harmonious Construction
2) Noscitur a Sociis
3) Contemporanea Expositio Est Optima Et Fortissima In Lege
4) All of the above.
5) Criminal Laws
6) Provisions
7) In interpreting statutes, judges should look at the ‘mischief’ which the act was passed to prevent.
8) It raises issues of accountability.
9) Law made by a person or body to whom the Parliament has delegated power.
10) Judges can refer to Hansard when interpreting Statutes.
11) The Judge must interpret the Statute in the light of purpose of its enactment.
12) The doctrine of Precedent.
13) All of the above
14) Will of the Legislature
15) All of the above.
16) Redundant
17) Contemporanea Expositio Est Optima Et Fortissima In Lege
18) General words follow specific word
19) Mischief Rule
20) Preamble
21) All of the above
22) Law representing the decision of the courts
23) Law made by Parliament.
24) Expression Unis est exclusion alterius
25) Preamble