Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ’s) on Interpretation of Statutes

Principles of Interpretation:

1) Where in an enactment, there are two provisions which cannot be reconciled with each other; they should be so interpreted that, if possible effect may be given to both. This is known as the_____________

a. Rule of harmonious construction
b. Rule of ejusdem generis
c. Rule of reasonable construction
d. None of the above

2) According to _ rule of interpretation meaning of word should be known from its accompanying or associated words?

a. Golden Rule
b. Noscitur a Sociis
c. Primary Rule
d. Mischief Rule

3) _____ means that contemporaneous exposition is the best and strongest in law:

a. Noscitur a Sociss
b. Ejusdem Generis
c. Contemporanea Expositio Est Optima Et Fortissima In Lege
d. None of the above.

4) Which of the following are acceptable External aids/materials that can be used in interpreting legislation?

a. Dictionaries
b. Notes on clauses/bills
c. Parliamentary committee reports
d. All of the above.

5) Generally, ____ are given strict interpretations:

a. Welfare Laws
b. Criminal Laws
c. Labour Laws
d. None of the above

6) If there is a discrepancy between the schedule and a specific provision within the enactment, the _____ shall prevail:

a. Provisions
b. Schedule
c. Both will be applicable as per the situation
d. None of the above.

7) Mischief rule is:

a. In interpretating statutes, judges should interpret the words literally
b. There must be no mischief in courts.
c. In interpreting statutes, judges should look at the ‘mischief’ which the act was passed to prevent.
d. In interpreting statutes, judges should interpret the words as they see fit.

8) Which of these is a disadvantage of Delegated Legislation:

a. It can be flexible
b. It can be made by reference to specific knowledge.
c. It is quick to produce.
d. It raises issues of accountability.

9) What is Delegated Legislation?

a. An act of the Parliament.
b. Law made by a person or body to whom the Parliament has delegated power.
c. Law made by a delegation.
d. A decision of the courts.

10) What is the rule in Pepper v Hart?

a. Judges cannot refer to any external aid when interpreting Statutes.
b. Judges can refer to Hansard when interpreting Statutes.
c. Judges can refer to other judges when interpreting Statutes.
d. Judges can refer to Newspapers when interpreting Statutes.

11) What is meant by Purposive Approach?

a. The Judge must interpret the Statute in the light of purpose of its enactment.
b. The Judge must interpret the Statute on Purpose.
c. The Judge must interpret the Statute in the purpose of deciding the case before him or her.
d. The Judge must interpret the Statute with a purposeful manner.

12) What is the Doctrine of Stare Decisis?

a. The doctrine of Statutory Interpretation.
b. The doctrine of Royal Pardon.
c. The doctrine of Parliamentary Sovereignty.
d. The doctrine of Precedent.

13) Internal aid in Interpretation of Statutes include:

a. Preamble
b. Title
c. Marginal Notes
d. All of the above.

14) A Statute has been defined as the:

a. Will of the Legislature
b. Will of the King
c. Will of the Society
d. Will of the Magistrate.

15) Which of the following is an internal aid in the Interpretation of Statute?

a. Interpretation Clause
b. Marginal Notes
c. Long Title
d. All of the above.

16) While Interpretation, a Statute should not be given a meaning that make other provisions:

a. Dormant
b. In-effective
c. Redundant
d. None of the above.

17) According to which rule of interpretation, old statutes should be interpreted as they would have been at the date they were passed.

a. Expression Unis est exclusion alterius
b. Contemporanea Expositio Est Optima Et Fortissima In Lege
c. Noscitur a Sociis
d. Ut res magis valet Quam Pareat

18) Rule of Ejusdem Generis is applicable when?

a. General words follow specific word
b. Specific word follows general words
c. Either (a) or (b)
d. Both (a) or (b)

19) Heydon’s case deals with the?

a. Golden Rule
b. Noscitur a Sociis
c. Mischief Rule
d. Rule of reasonable construction.

20) _____ contains the main object of the act.

a. Long Title
b. Short Title
c. Preamble
d. None of the above.

21) In Interpretation of Statutes, ______ plays an important role:

a. Heading
b. Schedule
c. Preamble
d. All of the above

22) Case law is:

a. Law passed by parliament.
b. Law representing the decision of the courts.
c. Delegated legislation
d. Case law is not really a law at all.

23) What is legislation?

a. Law made by Parliament.
b. Law made by Law commission
c. Law made by Custom
d. Law made by Judges.

24) Which rule of Interpretation means express mention of one thing is the exclusion of other?

a. Ejusdem Generis
b. Rule of Harmonious Construction.
c. Expression Unis est exclusion alterius
d. Primary rule.

25) Which of the following is an internal aid to the interpretation of Statutes:

a. Reference to reports of committee.
b. Statement of objects and reasons.
c. Preamble
d. Dictionaries

26) A Statute has been defined as:

a. Will of the king
b. Will of the legislature
c. Will of the magistrate
d. Will of the society.

27) Which of the following is an external aid to interpretation?

a. Illustrations.
b. Title
c. Dictionary
d. Proviso Clause.

28) Which of the following is an external aid for interpretation of Statutes?

a. Use of Foreign decisions
b. Historical Background
c. Parliamentary history
d. All of the above.

29) Which of the following is issued to remove special cases from General enactment and provide for them specifically?

a. Exception Clause
b. Saving Clause
c. Proviso
d. Non Obstante clause.

30) What Statute is used in aid of Interpretation of Statutes?

a. Interpretation of Statutes Act, 1897
b. Law of Legislation, 1897
c. General Clauses Act, 1897
d. All of the above.

31) Under which Section of General Clauses Act is effect of repeal stated?

a. Section 5
b. Section 6
c. Section 7
d. Section 8

32) When a statute does not profess to make changes in an existing law, and merely declare or explain what the law is, then such law is known as:

a. Codifying Statute
b. Declaratory Statute
c. Consolidating Statute
d. Remedial Statute

33) According to what rule, the words of the statute are to be given their plain and ordinary meaning:

a. Golden Rule
b. Natural Rule
c. Literal Rule
d. Mischief Rule

34) Ut Res Magis Valeat Quam Pareatis is also known as:

a. Rule of Reasonable construction
b. Rule of Harmonious construction
c. Rule of Ejusdem generis
d. All of the above.

35) The doctrine of Precedent is also known as?

a. Doctrine of Parliamentary Sovereignty
b. Doctrine of Statutory Interpretation
c. Doctrine of Stare Decisis
d. Doctrine of Royal Pardon

36) Which of the following is NOT a General rule of Interpretation?

a. A Statute must be read as a whole
b. Same word to have same meaning
c. Technical words to have ordinary meaning
d. A construction so as to avoid absurdity is permissible.

37) While applying the literal rule of interpretation, the following should be taken into consideration?

a. Language
b. Theme
c. Applicability
d. Context

38) Which rule of statutory interpretation should judges apply first?

a. Purposive approach
b. Golden rule
c. Literal Rule
d. Mischief rule

39) Doctrine of Separation of Powers was systematically formulated by:

a. Montesquieu
b. Dicey
c. Aristotle
d. Plato

40) Object of the Act is contained in:

a. Long Title
b. Short Title
c. Preamble
d. None of these

41) Statutes which are in existence for a specified fixed period is known as:

a. Permanent Statute
b. Perpetual Statute
c. Temporary Statute
d. Remedial Statute

42) The Union Legislature is empowered to:

a. To amend the basic structure of the constitution
b. Not to amend the basic structure of the constitution
c. To abrogate the basic structure of the constitution.
d. None of the above.

43) Rule of law means:

a. Supremacy of law
b. Supremacy of Judiciary
c. Supremacy of Parliament
d. Equality before Law

44) The concept of Judicial review has been borrowed from the Constitution of?

a. UK
b. USA
c. USSR
d. Switzerland.

45) Which legal maxim means “to stand by things decided”?

a. Ratio Decidendi
b. Obiter Dicta
c. Stare Decisis
d. In Bonem Partem

46) Delegatus Non potest delegare means?

a. Debtor follows the person of a debtor
b. An action does not arise from a bare promise
c. The law does not concern itself with trifles.
d. A delegated power cannot be delegated further.

47) The statutes that deal with taxation are termed as:

a. Penal Statute
b. Fiscal Statute
c. Civil Statute
d. Personal Statute

48) The procedure for amending the Constitution is provided in:

a. Article 368
b. Article 369
c. Article 371
d. Article 372

49) When there is a conflict between two or more statutes or two parts of the same statute, then the rule is:

a. Strict Construction
b. Beneficial construction
c. Harmonious construction
d. Purposive construction

50) Generelia specialibus non derogant means?

a. General things to not derogate from special things
b. The king can do no wrong
c. An accessory follows the principal
d. None of the above

 

Answer Key:

1) Rule of Harmonious Construction
2) Noscitur a Sociis
3) Contemporanea Expositio Est Optima Et Fortissima In Lege
4) All of the above.
5) Criminal Laws
6) Provisions
7) In interpreting statutes, judges should look at the ‘mischief’ which the act was passed to prevent.
8) It raises issues of accountability.
9) Law made by a person or body to whom the Parliament has delegated power.
10) Judges can refer to Hansard when interpreting Statutes.
11) The Judge must interpret the Statute in the light of purpose of its enactment.
12) The doctrine of Precedent.
13) All of the above
14) Will of the Legislature
15) All of the above.
16) Redundant
17) Contemporanea Expositio Est Optima Et Fortissima In Lege
18) General words follow specific word
19) Mischief Rule
20) Preamble
21) All of the above
22) Law representing the decision of the courts
23) Law made by Parliament.
24) Expression Unis est exclusion alterius
25) Preamble
26) Will of the legislature.
27) Dictionary
28) All of the above
29) Proviso
30) General Clauses Act, 1897
31) Section 6
32) Declaratory Statute
33) Literal Rule
34) Rule of Reasonable Construction.
35) Doctrine of Stare Decisis.
36) Technical words to have ordinary meaning
37) Context.
38) Literal rule.
39) Montesquieu
40) Preamble
41) Temporary Statute
42) Not to amend the basic structure of the constitution
43) Supremacy of Law.
44) USA
45) Stare Decisis.
46) A delegated power cannot be delegated further.
47) Fiscal Statute
48) Article 368
49) Harmonious construction
50) General things to not derogate from special things

 

 

8 Comments

    • Respected sir, i have this mcq sheet in the pdf from to preapre for my LLM Exm.
      adv. surekha bhosale

Leave a Reply to adv. surekha bhosale Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

error: Content is protected !!